Terminology

  • Bluestone – A naturally occuring form of sandstone produced by about 150 small quarries in the Pennsylvania and New York area. Known for its deep blue color, it also comes in variations of lilac and green. Natural “staining” occurs from minerals in the stone that rust or discolor when exposed to the elements.
  • Clean up – At the end of every workday we will leave the project in a clean and acceptable condition. At the end of installation, we will remove all surplus material and equipment and wash down deck, sidewalk, patio and driveway as necessary.
  • Gelscape – Gelscape is a water retention product that is mixed into planting holes.
  • Hardscaping – The installation or working with stone, pavers, concrete or other pavement and structural products which cover the upper soil profile of the landscape.
  • Humus – Humus is organic compost that is well rotted, shredded and screened to minus 3/4″.
  • Irrigation system – All parts shall be name brand, heavy-duty commercial quality. Backflow prevention shall be provided as required by local and state codes. A rain sensor will be installed on new installations as per state law.
  • Landscape Lighting – System will be low voltage, direct bury lighting cable. Timer and transformer are one unit and preferably will be installed in the garage. Lights are name brand, heavy duty, PVC, painted aluminum or copper.
  • Mulch – Mulch is applied two inches in depth, contains only natural wood or shredded bark and has particles less than 2″ wide. Cedar, hemlock, hardwood and dyed mulches are available. We do not use mulches made with pallets or other waste wood. Insects do not live in shredded mulches as they require solid wood 2″ in diameter and larger.
  • Pavers – Pavers are a name brand high-stress concrete product installed per manufacturer’s specifications. Borders are retained with an aluminum or concrete edging, installed out of view below grade.
  • Plant material – Plant material shall conform to the American Standards for nursery stock and be purchased from a member of the NJ Nurseryman’s Associations. Plants shall be healthy and vigorous, free from defects, disease and pests. Plants shall be true to name and size as specified on the plan or proposal.
  • Seed – Seed is custom blended of Rutgers-recommended bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue varieties, depending on your site conditions.
  • Shrub fertilizer – Shrub fertilizer is a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer including soil amendments, biostimulants, micronutrients, and is applied in each planting hole (see note under Grounds Maintenance Specifications).
  • Sod – Sod is a weed-free blend of bluegrasses.
  • Sod fertilizer – Sod fertilizer is 10-6-4 or equivalent and is blended into soil at 10 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft.
  • Softscaping – The installation of live plant material and can include, flowers, plants, trees, shrubs, etc..
  • Topsoil – Topsoil is a blended product of compost, sand and loam. It is fertile, friable, and free of debris, subsoil and roots, and screened to less than 3/4″ diameter.
  • Water Feature – A landscape element of any size containing water in the form of a pond, waterfall, stream, fountain or container.